Thiruvananthapuram | Production and productivity of coconut in major coconut growing states of Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka have been showing a declining trend.
However, coconut productivity increased during the period in the states of Tamil Nadu, Odisha, West Bengal and Maharashtra.
According to the statistical survey conducted by the Coconut Development Board (CDB), coconut production in India for the year 2014-15, based on the concurrent estimation of production of coconut at major coconut growing states in India, has been showing a decrease of ten per cent over the year 2013-14.
The estimated coconut production in Kerala for the year 2014-15 showed a decrease of 17.48 per cent over the year 2014-15.
The production was 5921 million nuts during 2013-14 as per Department of Economics and statistics, which is estimated to be 4886 million nuts during 2014-15. Yield estimated for the state is 6042 nuts per hectare.
Major decline in production was observed in Idukki, Kottayam and Kollam Districts and a significant increase in yield is observed in Alappuzha District.
Shortage of rain and pest/disease are the causes reported for decline in production. Kozhikode is the highest coconut producing district in the state followed by Malappuram.
The production estimate for Tamil Nadu with respect to 2014-15 shows a slight increase of 3.90 per cent compared to the year 2013-14. The production of 4668 million nuts reported in 2013-14 has increased to 4850 million nuts in 2014-15 as per estimation.
Yield estimated for the state is 11319 nuts per hectare. Krishnagiri and Thirunelveli Districts showed a decrease in production over the previous year while Tirupur, Thanjavur and Kanyakumari showed an increase. Coimbatore is the largest producer of coconut followed by Thanjavur.
In Karnataka, production declined from 4337 million nuts to 4126 million nuts as per the estimation, showing a marginal decrease of 4.87 per cent over 2012-13.
Yield estimated for the state is 10,900 nuts per hectare. Major coconut growing districts of Tumkur and Hassan recorded a decline in production so are the coastal districts of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada. Tumkur is the largest coconut producing district followed by Chitradurga and Hassan
The highest reduction in yield was observed in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Production declined to 781 million nuts in 2014-15 from 1678 million nuts in 2012-13.
Yield estimated for the state is 7614 nuts per hectare. All the four major coconut growing districts of East Godavari, West Godavari, Srikakulam and Vizhakapatnam showed a major decline in production. The decline is reported to be the after effect of two cyclonic storms lashed in Andhra coast in last two years. East and West Godavari are the major coconut producing districts in the state.
Odisha showed an increase of 19.75 per cent over the production in 2012-13. The estimated production was 491 million nuts while the production recorded in 2012-13 was 410 million nuts. Yield estimated for the state is 9100 nuts per hectare. Highest yield decrease is reported from Ganjam District, where cyclonic storm HudHud lashed in October 2014. Puri and Cuttack recorded an increase while in Nayagarh, production was
almost stagnant. Puri is the largest coconut producing district in the State.
In West Bengal, the estimated production for 2014-15 as per the survey showed an increase of 11.34 per cent over 2012-13.
Estimated production for 2014-15 in West Bengal is 442 million nuts. Yield estimated for the state is 15260 nuts per hectare While Murshidabad, Midnapore and 24 Parganas North showed an increase, 24 Parganas South showed a marginal decrease in production. Highest coconut producing district is Murshidabad followed by 24 Parganas North.
In Maharashtra, the estimated production for 2014-15 showed an increase of 15.85 per cent over 2012-13. Estimated production for 2014-15 in Maharashtra is 187 million nuts.
Yield estimated for the state is 7400 nuts per hectare. All the districts of Sindhudurg, Thane, Ratnagiri and Raigad showed an increase in production. Raigad is the largest coconut producing district in Maharashtra.
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